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Flattening multidimensional Arrays in JavaScript

Three different solutions to merge multidimensional array into a single array.

These are the three known ways to merge multidimensional array into a single array.

Given this array:

var myArray = [[1, 2],[3, 4, 5], [6, 7, 8, 9]];

We wanna have this result:

[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]

Solution 1: Using concat() and apply()

var myNewArray = [].concat.apply([], myArray);
// [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]

Solution 2: Using reduce()

var myNewArray = myArray.reduce(function(prev, curr) {
  return prev.concat(curr);
});
// [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]

Solution 3:

var myNewArray3 = [];
for (var i = 0; i < myArray.length; ++i) {
  for (var j = 0; j < myArray[i].length; ++j)
    myNewArray3.push(myArray[i][j]);
}
console.log(myNewArray3);
// [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]

Solution 4: Using spread operator in ES6

var myNewArray4 = [].concat(...myArray);
console.log(myNewArray4);
// [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]

Take a look here these 4 algorithms in action.

For infinitely nested array try Lodash flattenDeep().

If you are curious about performance, here a test for check how it works.